John Henry Bainbridge & The Grocers

John Henry Bainbridge

John Henry, our Great Grandfather, was the youngest of five siblings, born 2 March 1892 in Tollerton, to Elizabeth Ann HEADLEY and Charles BAINBRIDGE, a platelayer for North Eastern Railways. John Henry was named after his great grandfather John BAINBRIDGE and grandfather Henry BAINBRIDGE.

Unlike his elder siblings in domestic service, John Henry, took an apprenticeship with a clothing and outfitting retailer in York, living with his elder sister’s family, Elizabeth, in Brownlow Street in The Groves neighbourhood.

Five generations of the Bainbridge Family Tree
St Maurice Parish Church, Monkgate, York.
St Maurice Parish Church, Monkgate, York. The building was removed in the 1960s and the churchyard is now a public green space.

The 21 year old bachelor, John Henry Bainbridge, married 24 year old spinster, Adelaide EDGAR, at St Maurice Parish Church in York, 9 April 1913.

The newly weds settled in the village of Newton on Ouse, 9 miles northwest of York, where John Henry opened a grocery shop on Moor Lane, the main street entering the village, opposite the school.

Their first child was conceived before the outbreak of the first World War but, by the time Charles Reginald BAINBRIDGE was born, 28 January 1915, the expectations of a short war had evaporated.

John Henry was 25 years old when he enrolled in 1916 and was the only one of his siblings to serve. Receiving a C1 medical classification limited his options to performing home garrison service, assigned to the Army Reserve.

RAMC Blackpool
Royal Army Medical Corp, Training Co., Blackpool, Lancashire, Postcard c1916.
RAMC Cap Badge
Royal Army Medical Corp Cap Badge, circa 1916

Initially deployed in April 1917 with the Royal Army Medical Corp, John Henry received training in Blackpool and was stationed in Roughton, Norfolk, with the 325th Ambulance Company (Home Service).

In the spring of 1918, John Henry was transferred to the 505th Agricultural Corp in Nottinghamshire. Shortly thereafter he was re-classified as B1 which deemed him fit for service abroad in a support capacity. Fortunately, so late in the war, John Henry was not called up for duties abroad and remained in the Agricultural Corp until demobilization in February 1919.

According to her daughter Doreen, Adelaide had continued running the shop during John Henry’s service, delivering groceries around the village on her bicycle. Four more children followed through the 1920’s and the family continued to run the grocery business. Their grandson, Peter Bainbridge, recalls his father Don was nicknamed “Sugar” as one of his jobs was to measure out small bags of sugar from the wholesale sacks which were delivered to the shop and stored in the cellar

Newton on Ouse marked with Grocery Store and family home in 1940
OS Six-inch England and Wales, 1842-1952
Adelaide Bainbridge
Adelaide Bainbridge, age 42,
circa 1930

Prior to the outbreak of WWII the family were living on Cherry Tree Avenue, John Henry had sold the grocery store on Moor Lane to a corporation but the business failed and financially, the family, lost everything. John Henry took a job as Assistant Station Warden at RAF Station Linton to support Adelaide and their two youngest school-age children, Donald 13 & Doreen 11.

Cherry Tree Avenue, Newton on Ouse, Yorkshire. Photo credit:

However, once more in the tradition of the Onions and Bainbridge families, tragedy struck. John Henry suffered heart failure in Newton on Ouse and died age 48, 1 July 1940, leaving Adelaide widowed.

The stress from the loss of the grocery store was a likely contributing factor to his premature demise. John Henry was buried in Newton on Ouse Parish Churchyard where his daughter, Doreen, added a gravestone in 2010. The family did not have the finances to purchase a grave marker at the time of his death.

Read more about John Henry’s wife in Adelaide EDGAR and the Last Onion and the Onions, Not Edgars posts.

John Henry Bainbridge, circa 1938
Transcription: First July 1940, Newton-on-Ouse | John Henry Bainbridge | Male | 48 years | Storekeeper’s Clerk | 1(a) Coronary Thrombosis, II Myocarditis, Certified by A.K. Thomas M.B. | C R Bainbridge, son, 10 College Street, York | Registered First July 1940 | N.J. Fielder, Registrar

Family of John Henry Bainbridge 1892-1940



  • Mary Jane Bainbridge 1884-?
  • Elizabeth Isabel Bainbridge 1886-1964
  • Charles Ernest Bainbridge 1887-1965
  • Arthur Bainbridge 1890-1939




Family archivist, genealogical researcher, writer, and always open to receive questions, comments, and feedback via


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